Wedding rituals are as important in a wedding as the sacred union of two bodies & souls.
We have brought to you all the rituals involved in a Punjabi wedding.
Roka & Thaka
- In the Roka Ceremony, the bride’s family visits the groom’s place to offer the groom their blessing along with various gifts aka shagun i.e. fruits, sweets, clothes, money
- At the time of the Roka ceremony, the bride is not present.
- The return ceremony is called Thaka, in which the groom’s family visits the bride’s family on a separate day carrying gifts for the bride.
Satsang Or Mata ki chowki Or Puja
Mangni Or Sagai
- In this ceremony, the couple exchange rings with each other to make it official.
- The Chunni Ceremony is celebrated to accept the bride into the groom’s family,
- The Chunni is placed on the bride’s head and her face is covered with it, like a veil.
- Groom’s family gifts their heritage jewellery to the bride (i.e. bangles, necklaces, etc.)
- Mehndi is one of the essential ritual of a Punjabi wedding.
- In this ritual, the bride sits on a special seating & henna is applied on her hands and feet.
Wedding Day Rituals
- Wedding day morning starts with a havan in which the Churra is put on the wrists of the bride by her maternal uncle and aunt.
- Before putting the Churra, it is purified with a liquid mixture of Ganga Jal, milk and rose petals.
- Bride’s Maternal Uncle brings the Churra for the bride and he also gives her a wedding lehenga during the havan.
- This ceremony is celebrated by both the sides in their respective homes.
- In this ceremony, family prepares a paste from turmeric, rosewater, mustard oil and sandalwood,
- Then this paste is applied on the bride & groom’s face, hands and feet by the married ladies of the families.
- Gharoli ceremony is celebrated right after the Haldi ceremony.
- In this ceremony, Bhabhi’s of each side of the family bring some water in a Ghada (earthen pot) from the nearby temple or gurudwara for the bride & the groom.
- Then the bride and the groom takes a bath from this holy water.
- At the time of arrival of baraat, the bride’s family welcomes the groom’s family with garlands and gifts.
- In this ritual, the bride and the groom exchange their garlands with each other at the given muhurat i.e. auspicious time.
- In this ritual, the Bride and the groom takes a phera of the sacred fire with the ends of their dupatta’s tied together.
- In this last phera, the groom comes in front of the bride and she follows him,
- On completion of this last phera, the priest declares them as married.
Vaidai / Doli
- The bride gives a tearful goodbye to her family and throws a handful of rice over her shoulders, in her family’s direction.
- This way she expresses her gratitude towards them for taking care of her for so long.
- She is then sent off in a decorated car to her husband’s home, this procession is known as Doli.
Post Wedding Rituals
- The bride with her husband visits her parent’s home,
- They welcome their daughter and son-in-law with a grand dinner.
- Then the couple spends the night at her parent’s place and the next day they leave for her husband’s home with a lot of gifts for her in-laws.
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